An enlarged spleen is caused by other illness like low platelet count, infections (mono, hepatitis, TB), liver disease from alcohol use, anemia, leukemia, and lymphoma. Spleen enlargement can be associated with decreased or increased function, depending on the cause of the enlarged spleen. Mononucleosis, commonly known as mono, is a virus that causes extreme fatigue, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, and fever. 5. The spleen becomes bigger in many infections. In chronic or critical cases, surgery may offer the best hope for recovery. Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly) symptoms may include pain in the upper abdomen, indigestion, or hiccups. An enlarged spleen can cause chronic infection and this infection can become dangerous so the specialist may decide to remove the organ if the alteration is very serious, however this decision will depend strictly on physician's diagnosis. here are The spleen is usually as big as a fist. Spleen pain can cause severe discomfort. For instance, the spleen may fail to filter the blood properly. Specializes in Hematology. It can be as a result of many disorders including viral infections, cirrhosis, blood cancer and anemia. Find answers to health issues you can trust from Healthgrades.com 0. The spleen is an organ located in the upper left part of your abdomen under your rib cage, toward your back. Send thanks to the doctor. The underlying cause of an enlarged spleen will largely affect treatment. Hepatosplenomegaly refers to an enlargement of the liver and spleen. 3. A spleen is one of the largest organs in your lymphatic system. There are a variety of reasons why a spleen might become enlarged, but the basic mechanism is generally some kind of buildup or clot of either the waste materials the spleen is supposed to be filtering out or an overload of the blood components that it regulates. Viral or bacterial infections, liver disease, metabolic disorders, certain kinds of anemia, and blood clots in the area of the liver or spleen can all cause the organ to become enlarged and painful. Papaya is a food that is extremely rich in vitamins like A, C, several minerals, folate, fiber etc. Elective spleen removal requires careful consideration. Changes to diet and lifestyle changes can shrink an enlarged spleen. Enlarged spleen treatment. Because the enlarged spleen lies next to the stomach and sometimes presses against it, people may feel full after eating a small snack or even without eating. Treat mononucleosis if it is causing your enlarged spleen. 0 comment . Commonly, in infectious mononucleosis, the spleen returns to normal as the infection gets better. You can experience the pain in the organ organs due to any number of conditions. Dr. Michael Dugan answered. They include cirrhosis and other liver disorders, a variety of infections, abnormalities of the immune system and so on. What Causes an Enlarged Spleen? Splenomegaly, or an enlarged spleen, is a symptom of another condition or disease. Health or food experts recommend some natural foods in inflammatory disease like enlarged spleen. Cancer: various cancer diseases can cause inflammation of the spleen, such as leukaemia and lymphomas. An enlarged spleen does not cause many symptoms, and the symptoms that it does cause may be mistaken for many other medical conditions. Sometimes, it may grow so large that it outgrows its blood supply. Infections that can impact the spleen include viruses like mononucleosis, parasitic infections or infections caused by bacteria. A number of diseases and disorders can affect various spleen functions and cause it to swell. Because the enlarged spleen lies next to the stomach and sometimes presses against it, people may feel full after eating a small snack or even without eating. Treatment for an enlarged spleen depends on the condition causing it. The incidence is believed to be in response to hyperfunction in order to compensate for the rapid breakdown in the red blood cells. The organ has high significance due to its ability to keep your bodily fluids balanced. Long standing: Fatty liver can lead to cirrhosis, and the associated portal hypertension can produce splenomegaly. Enlarged spleen is medically termed as Splenomegaly. If an enlarged spleen causes serious complications or the cause can't be identified or treated, surgical removal of your spleen (splenectomy) may be an option. Table 2. Also, apple cider that has been boiled down to syrup, taken by the tablespoon as a tonic, can ease an enlarged spleen. Symptoms present with no cause may lead your doctor to suggest you have your enlarged spleen removed surgically, known as a splenectomy. If the cause of your enlarged spleen cannot be determined and you have no symptoms, the doctor may suggest a “watchful waiting” period. Eating Papaya Helps. Because mono is caused by a virus, there is no standard cure or treatment and antibiotics are not effective. Cirrhosis of the liver is serious scarring of the liver due to a variety of liver diseases, alcohol abuse, or other conditions. A number of viral, bacterial and parasitic infections can cause the spleen to enlarge; some of the most common are mononucleosis, endocarditis, syphilis, and malaria. Causes of Splenomegaly (Enlarged Spleen) Spleen gets enlarged when it has to work excessively for blood cell manufacturing and filtering of the bloodstream. 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