|�&����K�W�7�����5%ͼfwU1n�iQ�\}v����y����J�GK��p�2�,��oX*`���X�W|/�R�" The main religions in this play is Christianity and Judaism. In the play ‘The Merchant of Venice’ by William Shakespeare, according to a number of characters, there is a prominent aura revolving around the themes of love and hate. Danson, Lawrence. Get Your Custom Essay Sample. The Necessary Shakespeare. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this The Merchant of Venice study guide. The New Testament which embodies grace, mercy, and forgiveness. “It can be argued that this goes back to the earliest days of Christianity, when the tradition began of making the Jews bear the guilt of the Crucifixion. The cross between Christianity and Judaism begins as Antonio and Shylock create a legally binding bond. The main religions in this play is Christianity and Judaism. As learned in the play, Antonio cannot repay his debt and Shylock publically exclaims his need to receive fulfillment of that bond. Bassanio – Antonio's friend, in love with Portia, mostly interested in her money; Christian 3. The play also reveals the double standard under which Shylock lives and the despicable nature of the Christians’ hatred. In conclusion, we can see how powerfully influential religion was in “The Merchant of Venice.” Love, forgiveness, and most importantly mercy, represented the New Testament whilst justice, lack of mercy, and adherence to the law represented the Old Testament. Shylock is representative of the Old Testament. On the surface, the main difference between the Christiancharacters and Shylock appears to be that the Christian charactersvalue human relationships over business ones, whereas Shylock isonly interested in money. Here Shylock is stuck between a rock and a hard place. 1. Since Shylock has gone forth with his bond, it is by Venetian law “if it be proved against an alien that by direct or indirect attempts he seek the life of any citizen, the party ‘gainst the which he doth contrive shall seize one half his goods; the other half comes to the privy coffer of the state, and the offender’s life lies in the mercy of the duke only, ‘gainst all other voice” (4.1.347-354) In this case a Jew, who has attempted murder onto a citizen shall be tried himself. However, Antonio interjects and bargains that Shylock should live if he turn a Christian. Merchant Of Venice Shylock Character Analysis. Balthazar – a servant of Portia 8. Upon the place beneath. These are the main themes in the story MOV> MERCY This theme is spread throughout the play. The main Christian characters are Antonio, Bassanio and Portia. In the “Merchant of Venice,” “a Christian ethic of generosity, love, and risk-taking friendship is set in pointed contrast with a non-Christian ethic that is seen, from a Christian point of view, as grudging, resentful, and self-calculating.” (Bevington, pg. The Harmonies of The Merchant of Venice. Shylock who had nothing to do with Christ’s death still had to suffer Christian stereotypes and discrimination. Religion is one of the main theme in the merchant of Venice and it plays a big role in the play. 1. Explore the different themes within William Shakespeare's comedic play, The Merchant of Venice.Themes are central to understanding The Merchant of Venice as a play and identifying Shakespeare's social and political commentary.. The Merchant of Venice is a 16th-century play written by William Shakespeare in which a merchant in Venice named Antonio defaults on a large loan provided by a Jewish moneylender, Shylock.It is believed to have been written between 1596 and 1599. Religion is one of the main theme in the merchant of Venice and it plays a big role in the play. Calderwood, James L. Essays in Shakespearean Criticism. 74) Although Shakespeare writes this drama from a Christian point of view he illustrates religion by conflicts of the Old Testament and the New Testament in Venetian society and its court of law. Longman Publishing Group , 2008. The contrast between Antonio and Shylock are comparable and somewhat parallel to the New Testament that Christians practice and to the Old Testament that Shylock adheres to. Lorenzo – friend of Antonio and Bassanio, in love with Jessica; Christian 5. this was followed by a 1619 printing, and later an inclusion in the First Folio in 1623. It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes. Mowat, Barbara A., and Paul Werstine. This bond would be a father-daughter bond. Nerissa – her waiting-maid 7. The drama Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare was first printed in 1600 in quarto, of which nineteen copies survived. This powerful line suggests those who give mercy will receive mercy. Print. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Here in this play The Merchant of Venice Shakespeare portrays two main characters for the two edges as Shylock represents his religion Judaism, on the other hand, his enemy Antonio is presented as a representative of Christianity. Also, Christians of the time looked at Jews with negativity. First, we see Antonio, a soft-hearted and morose Christian gentleman whose riches cannot provide him the fulfillment that others deem appropriate. Merchant Of Venice Analysis Essay 867 Words | 4 Pages. Without the Anti-Semitic views, the elopement plot and the bond plot would not be in existence. The throned monarch better than his crown: Conflict Between Shylock & Antonio in "The Merchant of Venice". To fulfill that love, he assists Bassano in his own quest to pursue love. Portia on the other hand teaches the audience the practice of the New Testament. Hence this is the central theme of The Merchant of Venice. {-t��o�U��� �q`O�,3�,�f@6��3`�2xM�6��LGz���*�Aqq�?���8R}8�p4�2� `onu�M�e�X�#�� ���L�T�ȵ8X{6��mG_���H�Q������.I�QAs�ے��� �I��8�-N. Reality and Idealism. Throughout medieval and early Renaissance Europe the prejudice bred dark fantasies: Jews were accused, for example, of conducting grotesque rituals in which they murdered Christian children and drank their blood. �_��Dbƾ˺��������g��v�媮�����U�ժ͕�p�\+כ~����_�j�˰��װ���{Fdy}�$����_Y��Tv76f��;�iܟ�I��(�� KS3 English The Merchant of Venice learning resources for adults, children, parents and teachers. It also does not imply Antonio shed a drop of blood. The conflict between the Christians and Shylock reaches its peak over the issue of the extent of mercy. He represents law and justice. In Shakespeare’s “The Merchant of Venice,” religion was more than a belief in a higher being; it reflected moral standards and ways of living. Unfortunately, the manner which he seeks Antonio’s flesh seems similar to the “grotesque rituals in which Jews murdered Christian children.” With Shakespeare thickly drawing the line between Christianity and Judaism we can ultimately assume that the bond between Shylock and Antonio, a Christian and a Jew, can only cause a great deal of controversy. The bond’s fine print expresses that if Antonio cannot fulfill his debt to Shylock, Shylock will receive a pound of Antonio’s flesh. However, this back fires on him. Assuming Shylock should turn Christian, this image hints conversion from the Old to the New Testament. It is enthroned in the hearts of kinds, Shylock and Jessica’s conversion to Christianity or the New Testament of love, mercy, and grace, indicate the power Christianity had in law and in love. November 16, 2016. To answer the question “Is the play a plea for religious tolerance?” in short, I would say ‘No’. Race and Religious Intolerance Exhibited in “The Merchant of Venice”. 214-215) All Jews were blamed for Christ’s death. Religion motivated action and reasoning. “Jessica, as the “daughter of Jerusalem” under the Old Law, then as the bride of Christ under the New” (Swisher, pg. He truly has a skill, of creating unique characters that, create controversy, and give reasons for people to discuss and debate. Justice with his bond. Though usually depicted as a homosexual relationship, it is a portrayal of love between friends or brothers, another type of bond. These opposing values were reflected by the Jews and Christians of Venice which Shylock, Antonio, Portia, and Jessica embodied throughout the play. � �}�r�F�����w�pk#�,��7i*WV��ر�R��I�\C`H�.�Ȫ�kܪs���Su_c%Or�{f����]���$0����_�4�G_|�����o��q: V����W�)�$��,�OE����t�=?��h�`�ayiGkb���I�d�^���E��t�L������� i�D���؟%�ֻgq�3)ғ`"�,]˯_��+.�/�8������(}�TD"����M�$>��k�0�~���7Cw"�����H���}����M�f�算��'��#p}�6�{�p-]��iO�R\ॲ��&��wG"�W���>��O�Zy�X���˺덃��.����}��tC�ұ������2���x,D*{8��ߠC5��q"��(�H#��9;o4�]�;� Ёc�A$E�>�8ka3����n�y`b#`,-Xַ�Z��eTc6��P��K����������u������E��"�t����+-L~xR�bD��g�l �\�Y�6����C&Χq�ʯ������(�_��]: He hath made me a Christian.” (3.5.17-18) Jessica being “saved” by her husband can be compared to Shylock’s conversion to Christianity. The main idea of the play is that all people deserve to be appreciated regardless of their religion, race, nations, or beliefs. ‘Tis mightiest in the mightiest, it becomes He helps his loved one by borrowing money from Shylock and pawns his life to strengthen that bond. In its portrayal of a bloodthirsty Jewish moneylender, the play famously dramatizes 16th-century racial stereotypes that … And earthly power doth then show likest God’s �gd����]��2װe��|H�nhMjzݾ�9��c2J�o�ﹾ�l_��E�w��9���� �0�F:*�@{e�I��~�qF ���HmA���T�� s�� God gives mercy and those who can wholeheartedly give mercy is God-like. Such a response speaks to the religious intolerance in Venice at the time. Shylock strictly follows the Old Testament of law and is determined to receive justice. According to Jessica, “I shall be saved by my husband. This reinforced bondage reflects Antonio’s selflessness, God-like quality, and most importantly Christian morality. The majority of stories have a hero or heroine, as does "the merchant of Venice" by William Shakespeare, in some ways most of the main characters, bar Shylock, could be perceived as a hero. 76) This act of usury in the eyes of Christianity is considered sinful, immoral and inhumane. Act four-scene one, is another area in which Christianity as well as the New Testament is applied. Different characters have different religions. The Literary Companion Series: The Merchant of Venice. Print. While marriage customs have changed over the years, Shakespearian critics, when arguing “The Merchant of Venice”, agree that racism and religious intolerance are blaring principles when examining the marriages of Portia and Bassanio and Jessica and Lorenzo. Wherin doth sit the dread and fear of kinds: the Christianity and the Judaism. Instant downloads of all 1383 LitChart PDFs (including The Merchant of Venice). Ultimately, it is safe to say that religion in Venice took the role of judge, and that is, Christ, as its supreme judge. The bond does say he can have a pound of flesh, however a pound it has to be exact. Instead of taking his life, Antonio is seen through Elizabethan eyes to have given Shylock mercy, forgiveness, and a chance to live. It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven Swisher, Clarice. Thus, Shylock’s “Jewish heart” who’s hunger for justice resulted in his own justification, will be introduced to mercy and he shall see salvation. Although filled with spiritual people, the city is divided into two different religious groups. Antonio - a merchant from Venice; Christian 2. Shakespeare provides his audience distinct differences between Antonio and Shylock. �m;�f�.xսe ���;���]�C�N�ZZ��_8{�`�� �W�0�)�]TMΚ~S6�f�~1�9����|� |�/z��Q:qe Religion was a major factor in a number of Shakespeare’s plays. New York: Washington Square Press, 1992. {�+r�=VH.g�6uF�f�,�˲j*k�E�@�� �^E3("+aT�̯��PwZ�r����r��Y�v ^�2��RC�ˡ`�rÜο8��kCIW�-ɦ����T��*�j�o�A���zl�咟:d0� �w��H����9��IX?�-Pcgg�l�n�vV�lv���4�Ba-ny���L�u]�E)�ȉ�榥Z#i��� ����m*\��r�+�ƭ6����M�N�袽u�T� ����� H�]�����NMdW���l9��#ޞ�0�M��]���`�}gM=�0C�ͅe�.KEj&�B�-��E]����9��\��3檔���X�u9�:�*l��}qt�Z[��vm�M�TNv�[��[x�$軔XZ8�)�W��!`���d~Qގ�'��U����V����j�B�)xNL{�^�_b�����v5�r\:���?��е����r�J~�|��Sv�Y��:#�6. Christianity and Judaism in The Merchant of Venice Religion has always been a rather touchy subject in literature as well as in day to day life. 71). The divine nature of mercy is yet another one of the driving themes of the play. This act of bonding puts Antonio in gracious light. He is sad because he lacks love. More importantly we the audience also sees the New versus the Old testament put in similar contrast with Christianity and Judaism. The main plot involves a Jewish moneylender and his Christian debtor. These Testaments are tested through the Christians and Jews of Venice. “He rigidly adheres to his “bond”, in strict accordance with the Mosaic principle of “an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.” (Swisher, pg. Indeed mercy, or forgiveness, becomes the legal principle enabling all other legal principles.” (Danson, pg. Stereotypes classified Jews as immoral, evil, and foolish people while the Christians were graceful, merciful, and loving. 102) This passage from the Duke pleas Shylock for a “gentle” answer. DISCLAIMER- The answer is too long and has 2000 words please read only if you have time. Religious Discrimination in The Merchant of Venice The Merchant of Venice is a play by William Shakespeare. Venice was primarily and dominantly a Christian society with Jews as it’s unfairly treated minority. Representing the Christian belief is Antonio who is summoned to court by a Jew who goes by the name Shylock. According to the Essays in Shakespearean Criticism, “ “Gentle” in all its tricky ambiguity: as meaning something purely external (well-born; Christian) as well as kind, generous, loving…. ... (by Play and Theme… For Shylock, his justice seeking could not enable him to provide the mercy asked by God and thus was eventually lead to his own demise. "�6̫ÌZ{v%n IxĮ��#/g+@���D��?� F���ń�M;U:���CqQF��O~���LT�ja�!��s l`pCYi_�X��v�g�� �x��j����\H5]w��M��4���J���єOE��]����w�a���*���ڳ�˲��]�r,�磐#5p�I�g^�t̅�(�;%�_o���L�� H*��7�%��>�ˉ~�Nc�|��U(f����B��elC���#�Zl��(#uY`�J�>���S6zi�ϲ��(�c�M�i+�o$���i�!> �����a �|K�>XU��=�O��'�K��"n�E�+Ljs1\o�܎7�Iґ��xèe�%Z�l This has never been done before ,�5��43�'sh��|��2[մy�"U�o��z";�Z�eO���, ZZ�S�۪�\ʧ��}v����q�����Fzj�-�k�����O�*���m�ʋ�m��,��Ei9�����sT�aYc2��y+ �e���UI8�Z(��fH�i�h���"�(4v`! The Merchant of Venice is structured partly on the contrast between idealistic and realistic opinions about society and relationships. The Venetians in The Merchant of Venice almost uniformly express extreme intolerance of Shylock and the other Jews in Venice. In no way can I find Shakespeare’s play The Merchant of Venice promoting religious harmony. If Jessica were Christian, Shylock would have embraced the marriage of Lorenzo and Jessica. The Theme of Money and Love Concluding the court scene, Venetian law requires Shylock to give up half of his property to the state, the other to Antonio, and give up his life. Religion motivated action and reasoning. The Anti-Semitic views in The Merchant of Venice play an important part in the novel. é��Y�������J-%�{��ѡ4�^�B�v$�X�&�7���v� ��]wU�x'��8 U ϝ�"s8�jō�KE]O�����L@O�R� This sample provides just some ideas on how this topic can be analyzed and discussed. Money: The other major theme in the play is the importance of money to the Christians. Religion, however, intervenes and causes Shylock’s anger at his daughter. “This was a punishment from Shylock’s point of view, … but from Antonio’s point of view, it also gave to Shylock a chance of eternal joy.” Antonio here believes Shylock can be saved. 252-253) Here Shakespeare questions Shylock’s Christian morality and his ability to practice the New Testament. 65) In this case, Shylock was overturned by this Christian government for his lack of mercy or forgiveness. LitCharts Teacher Editions. @ٞ�~ s0���~�!��X+ţ �O����"`z��Eɭ���O�`�N�,~�%�l��ǰ��K�(���� � ����� ���o�[24#�-z����ae}�UA5�$XkG� . In Act Four, Scene 1, the Duke says, “We all expect a gentle answer, Jew.” (Bevington, pg. ��R�t���ʣ %��4�(n�ϜȊ�%�d �]>LEr��a�t��u�=��yqsI���Fo��*�m�-&� OFA�m1w~Mc ����< �ĥ;�p�{�q��pf �^XG���]�R��;���ݻ �fi���ĉ/�n{z�d���Y�Ŗؾ���;��4���Z�#} ]uvv�z8�O���w!,Q�M����w�U��8�"�ٍ�fL�&�tB��p:,�nQ3ߺD��T�^��8q�q LL��hW�Dv����4H��Iò�,x��~�4AcF��p�}&S�W{�ջ�gMP�Is�n�7���@�� (z3����$��,�0Kۛ�P#%�K}�����4��.��2���Z�.�$�A/��,��qww;��I��8��,�͑P��NKbS}���c�|�\,W�jo�sg�e �^-+v?^����Pd�[����1O�H���������(Q��=uC�O�x��u�Ab�)���;"���I%2r6���v��g�/��>�S{�ݱ&u���Ƃz��5A�� �lm�V��Zb�~�SS����n����K2�����cnn����� s�s�(ׯx�{J]��4d�̅fs��#*Ǡ����&��# ��� %(�G:�I_�9�g�2�Φ��H��47��_���‹N��_���..���,��� ��䢤���h_Cpv��ze�I�:�Ld��vK�ޫ\�3��-cI�*�VT��LD�W9�ZmZ��jb.+���� ,. Apparently, all sides agreed to this racial and religious separation, creating division, strife, and anger. Because of religious differences and discrimination, the story becomes violent and somewhat dark. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, INC., 1970. Shylock on the other hand is not put on the same pedestal as Antonio. Shylock while attempting to cut off a pound of Antonio’s flesh is reminded by Portia of conditions that he has missed. The plot of The Merchant of Venice has been described as a great commentary on the nature of racial and religious interactions. ��{��D���8����|������uY���&-��٧A Ironically, she as well breaks a bond with Shylock. Stephano – a servant of Portia 9. The Merchant of Venice was written in 1600’s and on that time there was discrimination especially “anti-Semitism” against Jews. Rather, modern critics call the play ‘Anti-Semitic‘, i.e., against the Jews.Shylock, … The following academic paper highlights the up-to-date issues and questions of The Bond The Merchant Of Venice. Religion in The Merchant of Venice By: Bernadette, Sam, and Jules Parsons was a Jesuit missionary, sent to England with the mission to convert Protestants Addressing Queen Elizabeth -You are torturing people for not going against their consciences. Venice, where this drama takes place, is a largely religious Italian City. This passage and the passage from the Duke is asking for Shylock although a Jew, to act Christian. The attribute to awe and majesty, The Merchant of Venice. Instead of lending money interest-free he applies collateral and conditions to the bond. ��P�W�wq��ay���2C����"����Mq*X` ��T�f^�)���YДpLm ��LS2�C��0��G��mE׀�r���+�'{��wo�-r���z����V��� 6�g��S���E��l�Ї��_z+�w����k��,H�/]���2X��\��`�߉K����y�0m�.M2�� It is an attribute to God himself: Portia – a rich heiress 6. As Antonio confesses the bond, Portia is stating that Shylock “must be merciful” which greatly represents practice of the New Testament. Self-interest forms the basis of every relationship, whether it is related to friendship, marriage or trade. According to the “Harmonies of the Merchant of Venice”, “the essential thing added to the law by Christ is forgiveness. (4.1.182-195). This idea has not lost its importance even in the modern days, and that is why we come back to the play The Merchant of Venice = over and over again. “ Mercy, therefore, is made part of the law, rather than an opposing principle. He was looked at by Christians as a violent and corrupt individual. The first example we see this is in 1: 3 when Shylock reveals his hatred for Antonio for his religion, Christianity. Shylock’s need for justice and strict adherence to the law parallels the Old Testament greatly and in a Christian point of view, it was at his disadvantage. Perhaps, Portia here also tries to provide mercy onto Shylock himself. Although he asks Shylock to convert, he provides Shylock and opportunity. Great Britain: Yale University Press, 1978. When mercy seasons justice. Haven't Found an Essay You Want? Thus doing so will spare Antonio’s life. The conflict between Shylock the Jewish moneylender and Antonio the Christian merchant in Shakespeare's "Merchant of Venice" is both religious and economic. ����. The main Christian characters are Antonio, Bassanio and Portia. Jessica also a Jew, escapes from home and marries Lorenzo, a Christian. =�&��BЖL���s �3�X(�t7�G&;�'@v��������3��V�ui �t�qg�պ��m��]T�L�p��o�����u�{�n^��@@�9џR���V��L�e~A�f�҉�ufR��>\Cnu�����v�";�Cux�'A8�"���;1co� �V��D��&���m�����1����,0Y3�1�aԎ�I�U��e"�"b��Q����3�AjB5*W�)jN�����=^{�{��L��h5l ��}��������8l8(]�{I� H�ݡ��r�t�ނƝ�鹥ϕ9�!�j���!N��]rQ3�͝����e;�M��^T�� �m!��瀎-�~��s�Q�s���=��z��V>-�jQL�Ht�$\���BC�B��b0�?� �nP#��}ˍ�Ρa�yA�ӝB�jw�S���}*SA�PS�K�.�h�>�sJ�<3���~�8o/���e�]'���"���4�[մ�:iVÝk¯��~��GMp����u}�z���G.�V���E� �H�+ธr��q"/�X L��Q�Ӫ����1Q �W۸�$Z�:��.�� His scepter shows the force of temporal power, 3. Antonio is a merchant, whose chief aim is to enjoy his wealth and to make it assist others. As the Jewish representation of Venice, Shylock, “as a usurer, refuses to lend money interest-free in the name of friendship.” (Bevington, pg. Bevington, David. It is the court scene where we are confronted with Christian values and how it played a significant role in Venetian courts and most importantly in Shylock’s fate. The court scene where Shylock goes to complete the sentence of his bond is where he will be introduced to the conflict of justice and mercy. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1999. O, my daughter!” (II.viii.15).… Beginning from 1558 and lasted in 1603 Elizabethan Age was the main period of religious and politics and important playwriters and poets from the society were introduced. After all the play is actually named after Antonio, he is the merchant of Venice. In the first two acts of the play, Merchant of Venice, Shylock, a Jewish money lender, is a villain in which we should be aware of. Merchants would work with tradesmen of different faiths, but people wouldn’t allow different religions to mix in their personal or social matters. The Duke asking for a “gentle” answer was not a way to dismiss Shylock’s bond, but it was merely asking Shylock to bring forth his mercy and forgiveness as a Christian would. 70) Shylock goes forth to all extent, refusing double the amount of ducats owed to him as long as he has his bond. In the courtroom scene of Act 4, scene 1, both the Duke and Portia present mercy as a better alternative to the pursuit of either law or revenge. Antonio however, showed how “Christian” he is. The drama of The Merchant of Venice is a legendary comedy, ... has nothing to do with the dogmas of religion, but with the effects of religion as realized in daily life. In fact, the exclusion of these "others" seems to be a fundamental part of the social bonds that cement the Venetian Christians together. The Merchant of Venice The Merchant of Venice Themes T he main themes in The Merchant of Venice are greed, love and mercy, and materialism. Merchants like Antonio lend money free of interest andput themselves at risk for those they love, whereas Shylock agonizesover the loss of his money and is reported to run through the streetscrying, “O, my ducats! It is twice blessed: Christians believed in mercy while Shylock only sought justice. The theme of bonds and promises referred to in the above question plays a key role in the ‘The Merchant of Venice’. Lastly, Shylock’s daughter Jessica is another representation of conversion from the Old to the New Testament. In the eyes of God, murder is a sin and therefore Shylock is in turn to be justified just as much as he sought his own justice. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Shylock– a rich Jew… Different characters have different religions. Shylock is expected to show mercy when he is never shown any by the ruling class. In The Merchant of Venice, Judaism and Christianity aren't just religions—they're constructed as racial (and even national) identities as well. Portia says, “ The quality of mercy is not strained, Hastily, Shylock is determined to obtain his pound of Christian flesh. The clash between Christianity and Judaism is especially present in Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice.The character of Shylock is often ridiculed for his faith, to which he retaliates with some strong points. Print. The Christian characters certainly viewthe matter this way. “we have good reason to suppose that the language of Shakespeare’s source begged the question of gentility; we know that it begged the question of Christianity.” (Calderwood, pg. Gratiano, Solanio, Salarino, Salerio – friends of Antonio and Bassanio; Christian 4. In Shakespeare’s “The Merchant of Venice,” religion was more than a belief in a higher being; it reflected moral standards and ways of living. The religious opinions of both But mercy is above this sceptred sway, Again, Shakespeare highlights acts of the New Testament. Regardless of these pleas, Shylock demands a pound of Antonio’s flesh and God ruling vicariously through Portia allows Shylock to proceed with his rightful bond. \�;J~nc�@� William Shakespeare is often referred as the greatest Scriptwriter ever. Print. Religion was a major factor in a number of Shakespeare’s plays. A major theme in the Merchant of Venice is mercy. Portia knows that Shylock demands every aspect of his bond but she tries to plea with him anyway. Mercy depicts a large part of this play, mercy is one of themes that ends it. 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