The middle portion of the sentence serves to connect the two people being described and emphasize their parity. What does this quote by William Jennings Bryan mean? 1 William Jennings Bryan’s “Cross of Gold” Speech (18 96) The most famous speech in American political history was delivered by William Jennings Bryan on July 9, 1896, at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago. In a speech called “Cross of Gold,” it is difficult to ignore the religious imagery that Bryan employs. Democrats, most of them members of Congress, issued an address to the Democrats of the nation, asserting that the money question was the paramount issue of the hour; declaring that a majority of the Democratic party had the right to control the action of the party on He was a 60 year old man nearing the end of his career. (Gold standard? It's less important to know the term, though, than to recognize that some point is so important that the speaker needs to make it five times -- and with a special artistry to drive it home. Bryan imbued "cross of gold" with a very negative connotation. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. This is the biggest part of his political platform. Buy your unique college paper and have "A+" grades or get access to database of 896 cross of gold speech essays samples. Document Analysis: Cross of Gold 1 January 2018 During the 1896 elections the Populist Party had begun to grow ND gain momentum, they had put a senator in office and taken over the Kansas state Legislature. He says that mankind won't be crucified on a cross of gold. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. In this system, each currency was pegged to gold, meaning the U.S. dollar was convertible to a fixed amount of gold per dollar. Is there a thesis, though? Dec 12, 2018 - This simple primary source analysis worksheet features an excerpt from William Jennings Bryan's famous "Cross of Gold" speech from the Democratic National Convention in 1896. The "Cross of Gold" speech is public domain and appears many places on the internet. In addition to suggesting that a majority of the public would like to see a shift to bimetallism, Bryan’s intentional alignment with the common American was a keen tactic on his part, given that he was planning to run as the Democratic presidential nominee for the next US election. Bryan wants to make clear that he understands and even celebrates the contributions of the “regular” American, a popular rhetorical move shared by many politicians. He still had that compelling voice. An analysis of the speech “Cross of Gold,” by William Jennings Bryan, reveals that Bryan employed rhetorical strategies in order to effectively influence American voters. As individuals took advantage of this, the mint eventually ran out of gold, and because one US dollar could no longer purchase the gold that it was worth, this created one of the worst depressions in American history, especially damaging to those who were already poor. Cross of Gold Speech: The person who gave the Cross of Gold speech was a Democratic politician, William Jennings Bryan. Even if there's a thesis somewhere at the beginning, it's apt to be repeated somewhere at the end. Document Analysis: “Cross of Gold” In 1896, three years after the “Panic of 1893”, a man by the name of William Jennings Bryan delivered one of the most historical speeches to this day. Cross of Gold speech is a featured article; it (or a previous version of it) has been identified as one of the best articles produced by the Wikipedia community.Even so, if you can update or improve it, please do so. to ready to write a paper or answer questions? In the above excerpt, Bryan gives many examples of laborers and small town workers, noting that each is "as much a businessman" as his wealthy, big city counterpart. Definition of cross of gold speech in the Definitions.net dictionary. Let"s begin by analyzing and explaining the theory of metaphoric criticism. It was one of those rare orations that ended with a speaker literally borne away on the shoulders of electrified listeners. This article appeared on Wikipedia's Main … I would be presumptuous, indeed, to present myself against the distinguished gentlemen to whom you have listened if this were but a measuring of ability; but this is not a contest among persons. There is a reference to principles and to a contest of some sort, but we don't know yet what principles are being contested. Images: Wikimedia Commons (Public Domain). William Jennings Bryan delivered his “Cross of Gold” speech at the Democratic National Convention in July of 1896 as part of his bid for the party’s presidential nomination. Look it up now! Already a member? The following passage is from the 6th paragraph of Cross of Gold: The man who is employed for wages is as much a businessman as his employer. The latter. The Cross of Gold speech was delivered by William Jennings Bryan, a former United States Representative from Nebraska, at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago on July 9, 1896. What does cross of gold speech mean? In fact, Bryan’s characterization of these “pioneers”—braving the dangers of the wilderness and “rearing children near to nature’s heart”—draws on the nation’s collective imagination of great adventurers and explorers. Gold standard — For other uses, see Gold standard (disambiguation). The speech just isn't as exciting without Bryan here to deliver it, and the modern reader isn't apt to know or care as much about the issues. The speech had such enduring popularity that Bryan delivered it to attentive audiences many times in the years after. “I would be presumptuous, indeed, to present myself against the distinguished gentlemen to whom you have listened if this was a mere measuring of abilities; but this is not a contest between persons.” “Our war is not a war of conquest; we are fighting in the defense of our homes, It was one of those rare orations that ended with a speaker literally borne away on the shoulders of electrified listeners. What strategies might he take? All of the above make sense except the allusion to Heaven's gold streets. The first step is figuring out what that purpose is. It presents a jarring contrast. The speaker here argues that Bryan was more afraid of social Darwinism than true Darwinism and that he was, throughout his life, a deeper man than we might imagine if our image of him comes from Inherit the Wind. Instead put yourself in his shoes. In the late 1800’s a populist movement was happening and people were starting to take notice. And that's a good thing! Bryan’s speech was given on the occasion of the July 1896 Democratic National Convention, and it advocates returning to bimetallism: the system in which both gold and silver are tradeable for paper and coin money. William Jennings Bryan delivered his "Cross of Gold" speech for the first time in 1896. Which paragraphs sound like he is responding to, and countering, claims made by the other side? The reader can give attention to the most important elements and gloss over some of the other details. Much of Bryan’s argument relies on the idea that he is speaking for a broad public. Log in to see the full document and commentary. The "Cross of Gold" speech made Bryan famous due to its eloquence and sense of conviction. He does use the word gold in a religious allusion, but it's given quite a different meaning. If you're stuck with what's on the page, there are things that you can do besides start at the beginning and plow your way through -- at least when you're dealing with expository or argumentative writing that's written in a traditional form. What does it make sense that he might argue? If you have the opportunity, you may want to learn about the historical period and the social milieu before you tackle the text. The attorney in a country town is as much a businessman as the corporation counsel in a great metropolis. He gave this speech at the Democratic National Convention in … One is at the end of the introduction. However, the purpose is not so much to explicate this particular speech as to explicate the process of approaching difficult text. If they dare to come out in the open field and defend the gold standard as a good thing, we shall fight them to the uttermost, having behind us the producing masses of the nation and the world. He didn't make that goal, but he left a monumental legacy for his party and for his country. However, this also caused a problem. In light of these changes, in 1890, a law was passed requiring the United States government to buy back silver at inflated rates. In the late 1800’s a populist movement was happening and people were starting to take notice. The farmer who goes forth in the morning and toils all day, begins in the spring and toils all summer, and by the application of brain and muscle to the natural resources of this country creates wealth, is as much a businessman as the man who goes upon the Board of Trade and bets upon the price of grain... A frequent rhetorical device is to offer multiple examples, parallel in idea and parallel in structure. The gold standard assumed the United States had enough gold to back up all its currency in circulati… In 1873, the mint stopped exchanging silver, moving to the “gold standard,” whereby only gold was considered exchangeable for money. Bryan’s plea for the coinage of silver so electrified the convention that it made him the Democratic candidate for president. William Jennings Bryan delivered his "Cross of Gold" speech for the first time in 1896. In the address, Bryan supported bimetallism or "free silver", which he believed would bring the nation prosperity. Don't read any more of Bryan's speech -- yet. What great moment(s) in U.S. history does he allude to? Get help on 【 Cross of Gold Speech 】 on Graduateway Huge assortment of FREE essays & assignments The best writers! I'll provide some analysis of the speech below. Can you find the other strategies in his speech? They still fit into the grand design, however. A metaphor is decoration, ornamentation, and figurative language to a rhetor. Those phrases are signals that we're about to hear what the author wants or doesn't want. In a speech called “Cross of Gold,” it is difficult to ignore the religious imagery that Bryan employs. That his listeners oppose anyone who holds "the gold standard as a good thing". Unfortunately, the value of gold and silver fluctuated, and it was difficult to maintain a fixed ratio between gold, silver, and money. If we know what to expect, that keeps us from getting bogged down with details. Cross of gold speech definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Last Updated on September 23, 2020, by eNotes Editorial. An essay or paper on Cross of Gold Speech. Because the rate for silver was artificially inflated, individuals would exchange silver for more gold than the silver was worth, melt the gold down, and sell it in the metal market. Let's take a look at two parts of Bryan's speech: the end of the first paragraph and the conclusion. Primary Analysis: The Cross of Gold Please read and comment on the following reading . What is his call to action? Information and translations of cross of gold speech in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. When this debate is concluded, a motion will … We get a sense that opposing the gold standard is not just a part of Bryan's platform; it's the main tenet of his platform -- and the main idea of his speech. From the beginning of the speech, Bryan suggests that his … Bimetallism?). William Jennings Bryan: “Cross of Gold” Speech (1896) Commentary by Lewis L. Gould, University of Texas at Austin. William Jennings Bryan: “Cross of Gold” Speech (1896) Commentary by Lewis L. Gould, University of Texas at Austin. They are not needed The most famous portion of William Jennings Bryan's "Cross of Gold" speech originally delivered at the 1896 Democratic Convention. Where does Bryan employ an ethos (character) appeal by suggesting that he is small and insignificant compared to the cause he champions? Word Count: 977. More than 100 years later, the "Cross of Gold" speech moves people -- sometimes. Truth be told, it has been known to bore students. "Begins in the spring and toils all summer, and by the application of brain and muscle to the natural resources of this country creates wealth" paints a positive image of the farmer and appeals to our emotions, but it can feel excessive and hard to follow if we haven't recognized the basic structure. This gold cross (seen at Seattle's Value Village) has a pseudo gilded frame. Cross of Gold Speech The occasion for Bryan's famous Cross of Gold speech was the Democratic National Convention in Chicago on July 8, 1896. We get a sense of the tone and how Bryan will appeal to his listeners. The Cross of Gold speech was delivered by William Jennings Bryan at the 1896 Democratic National Convention in Chicago on July 8, 1896. He was already a famed orator and had been petitioning members of the party in secret for the presidential … What is the point of the speech, and how does the speaker drive it home? By showing that he was sensitive to the common man, he could garner more support and votes. For instance, he contrasts the working class to “those who live on the Atlantic Coast,” namely white-collar businessmen. He even brings it up as "bimetallism" (9) in his "Imperialism" speech even after it had been a bit … Though the United Kingdom converted to the gold standard in 1821, the United States, Germany, and France did not formally adopt it until the 1870s. Here are the last two sentences of the first paragraph: I shall object to bringing this question down to a level of persons. Does the picture make an apt illustration for Bryan's speech, or does it project a contrasting image? Originally, the US dollar was backed by two metals: gold and silver. Log in here. This speech quickly became one of the most famous in American history, and led to Bryan's nomination for president. He further attempts to venerate their position, calling them “hardy pioneers” and suggesting that they are just as American as any white-collar businessman. If we focus on their essential attributes and skim over the extra verbiage, we'll more easily see the main idea of the paragraph: Bryan is for micro-business and labor; it's for the sake of these workers that he opposes the gold standard. In 1896, three years after the “Panic of 1893”, a man by the name of William Jennings Bryan delivered one of the most historical speeches to this day. Bryan is arguing against the gold standard and so he isn't apt to paint gold in those idyllic terms. Having behind us the commercial interests and the laboring interests and all the toiling masses, we shall answer their demands for a gold standard by saying to them, you shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns. In that time, Jackson was generally regarded as a successful president who also fought for the “common man.”. Bryan is remembered not just for his famous speech, but his role as witness in the Scopes trial (not long before his death). Bryan ran for president three times. WJB believed abandoning the gold standard could alleviate the severe economic problems of the late 19th century, especially in the wake of the Panic of 1893 (a sort of mini … A metaphor, as defined by Aristotle, is the transference of a name from the object to which it has a natural application. It's a very famous speech and it was powerfully delivered, and was so popular that for … The essential thing is that we have a farmer; he is being compared to a man who "bets on the price of grain". I come to speak to you in defense of a cause as holy as the cause of libertythe cause of humanity. Being able to quickly recognize the structure that "as much a businessman" gives... that can be a bit like having an organizer in one's head. To understand William Jennings Bryan’s “Cross of Gold” speech, it is important to understand the history surrounding the speech. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for COVID-19 relief—Join Now! The problem was that he would not shut up about it. The “Cross Of Gold” speech was a speech by William which helped propel the convention to nominate him as a Democratic presidential candidate. Not all of Bryan's paragraphs provide support for his financial argument. Now that, I think, is pretty interesting. William Jennings Bryan's "Cross of Gold" Speech July 9, 1896, at the Democratic National Convention, Chicago Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Convention: I would be presumptuous, indeed, to present myself against the distinguished gentlemen to whom you have listened if this were a mere measuring of abilities; but this is not a contest between persons. Bryan continues the theme of supporting the working classes throughout his speech, and in his concluding remarks, he claims that if there were no farmers in the United States, the entire country would crumble. Below is a discussion of that legacy. Bryan also ran in the years 1900 and 1908 which became failures. This speech, delivered at the Democratic National Convention, helped win the Bryan, former Representative to Congress for Nebraska, the presidential nomination of the Democratic party. Prior to the North American gold rush of the mid-19th century, the global monetary standard metal was silver. Under a gold standard, paper notes are convertible into pre set, fixed quantities of gold. There are two ways to get at author's purpose: to examine what's on the page and to examine what's off. Instructors: CLICK HERE to request a free trial account (only available to college instructors) "Cross of Gold" Speech content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts. Welcome to a series on William Jennings Bryan's famous 1896 Cross of Gold speech. The speech had such enduring popularity that Bryan delivered it to attentive audiences many times in the years after. The individual is but an atom; he is born, he acts, he dies; but principles are eternal; and this has been a contest of principle. He is opposed to gold being the sole monetary standard. His famous "Cross of Gold" speech was about the monetary system of the U.S. and whether or not it should be strictly backed by gold or by both gold and silver, which would expand the money supply. And Bryan repeats that middle portion: four times word for word, a fifth time with slight variance. (Speech writers, particularly, like to pack those punches at the end.). How do you go from "What is this thing about?" We can read the speech looking for something particular in the onslaught of words: subpoints that support this main idea. Meaning of cross of gold speech. The Cross of Gold was a speech given by William Jennings Bryan at the Democratic National Convention in 1896 which advocated for bimetallism, or the use of both gold and silver in funding the currency. [1] … Wikipedia. Cross of Gold speech, classic of American political oratory that was delivered by William Jennings Bryan during the platform debate at the 1896 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. The shift affected those already in debt who hoped to use silver money to pay off those debts. Log in to see the full document and commentary. The merchant at the crossroads store is as much a businessman as the merchant of New York. Rhetorical analysis involves analyzing the choices that writers make to achieve their purposes. This means that one could turn money over to the United States Mint and receive a set amount of gold or silver, or vice versa: one could turn in a set amount of gold or silver and receive a set amount of paper or coin money. Instructors: CLICK HERE to request a free trial account (only available to college instructors) Now those are some strong words! You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold. In a relatively short piece this is often the end of the first paragraph. Here he is. ©2021 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. By backing a “holy” cause, Bryan suggests that his viewpoint is beyond human... Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this "Cross of Gold" Speech study guide. Repetition of a group of words in the middle of a sentence is mesodiplosis. From the beginning of the speech, Bryan suggests that his cause is righteous and holy. This caused the value of silver to plummet, which ruined many families who did not have access to gold, especially silver miners, farmers, and other working-class individuals. What about the extra verbiage? "You come to us and tell us that the great cities are in favor of the gold standard. What else is he doing in the speech? He aligns himself with blue-collar workers, suggesting that there is a majority of people whom congress has largely ignored but who would benefit from switching back to a policy of bimetallism. CruiseReady from East Central Florida on October 20, 2012. ...The Cross of Gold speech was delivered by William Jennings Bryan, a former United States Representative from Nebraska, at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago on July 9, 1896. The issue was whether to endorse the free coinage of silver at a ratio of silver to gold of 16 to 1. Another is at the end of the piece. There came a time when Bryan was able to record the speech, though he was no longer the "boy orator" of 36. You'll get access to all of the Find a summary of this and each chapter of Cross of Gold Speech! He decried the gold standard, concluding the speech, "you shall not crucify … He additionally evokes the image of Andrew Jackson on several occasions. Need writing essay about cross of gold speech? There are some typical places that writers "hide" their thesis. In order to complete the exercise, you'll need the full text. This was the backdrop for Bryan’s Cross of Gold speech, which took place during summer 1896 at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago. It's doubtful that anyone fell asleep the first time the speech was delivered, yet it's probable that many modern students read it no more than half awake! Chapter Summary for William Jennings Bryan's Cross of Gold Speech, text. At the end of the speech, he stretched his arms out as if he were nailed to a cross of gold -- but not the likes of this bejeweled one! No, not in that paragraph. It is the full text of William Jennings Bryan's Cross of Gold speech, delivered at the 1896 Democrat Presidential Convention. Bryan deliberately chose rhetorical strategies while crafting the text to effectively persuaded listeners. I am linking to the full text version on History Matters. The humblest citizen in all the land when clad in the armor of a righteous cause is stronger than all the whole hosts of error that they can bring. 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